Neurosciences

Neuroscience is the study of the central nervous system, which may be responsible for very disabling movement disorders that impact negatively on patients’ quality of life and independence.

Blepharospasm

Blepharospasm causes involuntary contractions of the muscles of the eyelids. The disorder can also lead to uncontrollable blinking and in some cases sufferers may be unable to open their eyes, reducing their ability to carry out everyday activities. Learn more about the condition, its diagnosis and the different treatment options available.

Cerebral palsy

Cerebral palsy is a term used to describe various movement disorders caused by damage to the brain during pregnancy, birth or in infancy. Sufferers may also have cognitive impairment, delayed mental development and problems with movement and co-ordination that can have serious negative consequences for their quality of life and independence. Learn more about the condition, its diagnosis and the different treatment options available.

Cervical dystonia

Cervical dystonia, also referred to as spasmodic torticollis, is a condition with intermittent or continuous painful spasms of the muscles of the neck – and sometimes the shoulder – that cause an abnormal posture of the head. symptoms can include jerking movements of the head, neck pain, and a raised shoulder. Learn more about this condition, its diagnosis and the different treatment options available.

Hemifacial spasm

Hemifacial spasm is an involuntary contraction (spasm) of the muscles on one side of the face. This chronic constricting condition can become almost permanent over time and evolve into a disabling disfigurement and social embarrassment. Learn more about the condition, its diagnosis and the different treatment options available.

Spasticity

Spasticity is a physiological consequence of damage to the brain or spinal cord and typically occurs in conditions such as stroke), head trauma, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, and others. Abnormal muscle contraction cause the spastic limbs to lose flexibility, causing pain and mobility problems for sufferers Learn the characteristics and causes of the condition, methods of diagnosis and the various treatment options available.